Munim, S., R.E. Fanelli and P.R. Martin. 2021. A male Field Sparrow paired with a female Clay-colored Sparrow in southeastern Ontario. Ontario Birds 39: 2-14. 


Schrempf, S., K.W. Burke, J.D. Wettlaufer and P.R. Martin. 2021. Behavioural dominance interactions between Nicrophorus orbicollis and N. tomentosus burying beetles (Coleoptera: Silphidae). PeerJ 9:e10797.  link  [Scott Schrempf's honours thesis project in our lab]

Martin, P.R. and J.V. Briskie. 2021. Dominance interactions among New Zealand albatrosses and petrels at ecotourist boats. Notornis 68:51-64pdf

Martin, P.R., K. Burke and F. Bonier. 2021. Plasticity versus evolutionary divergence: what causes habitat partitioning in urban-adapted birds?  American Naturalist 197:60-74.  link  R code & dataset


Collard, A.E., J.D. Wettlaufer, K.W. Burke, D.V. Beresford and P.R. Martin. 2021. Body size variation in a guild of carrion beetles. Canadian Journal of Zoology 99:117-129  link  R code & dataset  [Allison Collard's honours thesis project in our lab]

DeMarco, K.V.B. and P.R. Martin. 2020. A case of a Pustulated Carrion Beetle (Nicrophorus pustulatus, Coleoptera: Silphidae) burying live Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor, Passeriformes: Hirundinidae) nestlings under the nest. Canadian Field-Naturalist 134:217-221.  pdf


Burke, K.W., J.D. Wettlaufer, D.V. Beresford and P.R. Martin. 2020. Habitat use of co-occurring burying beetles (genus Nicrophorus) in southeastern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Journal of Zoology 98:591–602.  link   R code & dataset  [part of Kevin Burke's graduate work in our lab]

Martin, P.R., H.L. Kenyon and L. Hayes. 2020. Size‐dependent costs of migration: migrant bird species are subordinate to residents, but only at small body sizes. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 33:495-504.  link  R code & dataset


Martin, P.R. and F. Bonier. 2018. Species interactions limit the occurrence of urban-adapted birds in cities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 115:E11495-E11504.  link  R code & dataset

Wettlaufer, J.D., K.W. Burke, A. Schizkoske, D.V. Beresford and P.R. Martin. 2018. Ecological divergence of burying beetles into the forest canopy. PeerJ 6:e5829.  link  R code & dataset  [Jill Wettlaufer's honours thesis project in our lab]

Bonier, F., P.R. Martin, T.W. Small, J.E. Danner, R.M. Danner, W.A. Nelson and I.T. Moore. 2018. Energetic costs and strategies of post-juvenal molt in an equatorial bird, the Rufous-collared Sparrows (Zonotrichia capensis). Ornitología Neotropical 29:S19-S28.  pdf

Patrick, A.M.K., V.G. Rohwer and P.R. Martin. 2017. Evidence for individual consistency and location effects on nest morphology in a population of Yellow Warblers (Setophaga petechia). Wilson Journal of Ornithology 129:469-480.  pdf  [Allie Patrick's honours thesis project in our lab]

Rohwer, V.G., A. Pauw and P.R. Martin. 2017. Fluff-thieving birds sabotage seed dispersal. Royal Society Open Science 4:160538.  link dataset  [part of Vanya Rohwer's graduate work in our lab] Featured in Times Live (South Africa).

Martin, P.R., C. Freshwater and C.K. Ghalambor. 2017. The outcomes of most aggressive interactions among closely related bird species are asymmetric. PeerJ 5:e2847.  link  dataset

Bonier F. and P.R. Martin. 2016. How can we estimate natural selection on endocrine traits? Lessons from evolutionary biology. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 20161887.  link  dataset

Purves, E.F., M.A. Conboy, R.J. Robertson and P.R. Martin. 2016. Does white tail patch size indicate quality in male Cerulean Warblers (Setophaga cerulea)? Wilson Journal of Ornithology 128:343-354.  pdf  dataset  [Liz Purves's honours thesis project in our lab]

Rohwer, V.G., F. Bonier and P.R. Martin. 2015. Conflict between biotic and climatic selective pressures acting on an extended phenotype in a subarctic, but not temperate, environment. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 2015.1585.  link  dataset  [part of Vanya Rohwer's graduate work in our lab]

Martin, P.R. 2015. Distribution and numbers of Snowy Owls on Amherst Island, Ontario, during an irruption year. Ontario Birds 33:98-112.  pdf

Martin, P.R. 2015. The paradox of the Birds-of-Paradise: persistent hybridization as a signature of historical reinforcement. Ideas in Ecology and Evolution 8:58-66.  link

Bothwell, E., R. Montgomerie, S.C. Lougheed and P.R. Martin. 2015. Closely related species of birds differ more in body size when their ranges overlap — in warm, but not cool, climates. Evolution 69:1701-1712.  pdf  R code & dataset  [Emma Bothwell's honours thesis project in our lab]

Martin, P.R., R. Montgomerie and S.C. Lougheed. 2015. Bird color patterns are more divergent at intermediate levels of breeding range sympatry. American Naturalist 185:443-451.  pdf  R code & dataset

Martin, P.R. 2015. Trade-offs and biological diversity: integrative answers to ecological questions. Pages 291-308 in L.B. Martin, C.K. Ghalambor, and H.A. Woods (editors). Integrative Organismal Biology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York.  pdf

Martin, P.R. and R.C. Dobbs. 2014. Asymmetric response to heterospecific songs in two sympatric wrens (Troglodytidae) in Argentina: House Wren (Troglodytes aedon) and Mountain Wren (T. solstitialis). Ornitología Neotropical 25:407-419.  pdf

Martin, P.R. and C.K. Ghalambor. 2014. When David beats Goliath: The advantage of large size in interspecific aggressive contests declines over evolutionary time. PLOS ONE 9(9): e108741.  link  dataset  Featured in Inside Science.

Freshwater, C., C.K. Ghalambor and P.R. Martin. 2014. Repeated patterns of trait divergence between closely related dominant and subordinate bird species. Ecology 95:2334-
2345.  pdf  dataset  [Cameron Freshwater's honours thesis project in our lab]

Bonier, F., C. Eikenaar, P.R. Martin and I.T. Moore. 2014. Extra-pair paternity rates vary with latitude and elevation in Emberizid sparrows. American Naturalist 183:54-61.  pdf  dataset  Featured in Science.

Eikenaar, C., F. Bonier, P.R. Martin and I.T. Moore. 2013. High rates of extra-pair paternity in two equatorial populations of Rufous-collared Sparrow, Zonotrichia capensis. Journal of Avian Biology 178:53-63.  pdf

Rohwer, V.G., F. Bonier, and P.R. Martin. 2012. Juvenal plumage polymorphism in Yellow Warblers is not associated with sex. Condor 114:407-411.  pdf

Moore, S.D. and V.G. Rohwer. 2012. The function of adult female begging during incubation in sub-arctic breeding Yellow Warblers. Animal Behaviour 84:1213-1219.  pdf  [Drew Moore's honours thesis project in our lab]

Danner, J.E., R.M. Danner, F. Bonier, P.R. Martin, T.W. Small and I.T. Moore. 2011. Female, but not male, tropical sparrows respond more strongly to the local song dialect: implications for population divergence. American Naturalist 178:53-63.  pdf  dataset  Featured in The New York Times

Crossman, C.A., V.G. Rohwer and P.R. Martin. 2011. Variation in the structure of bird nests between northern Manitoba and southeastern Ontario. PLOS ONE 6(4): e19086.  link  [Carla Crossman's honours thesis project in our lab]

Bura, V.L., V.G. Rohwer, P.R. Martin and J.E. Yack. 2011. Whistling in caterpillars (Amorpha juglandis, Bombycoidea): sound-producing mechanism and function. Journal of Experimental Biology 214:30-37.  pdf  Featured in Journal of Experimental BiologyNature, and Science.

Martin, P.R. and B.M. Di Labio. 2011. Yellow-nosed Albatross: new to Ontario. Ontario Birds 29:58-79.  pdf

Greeney, H.F, P.R. Martin, R.A. Gelis, A. Solano-Ugalde, F. Bonier, B. Freeman and E.T. Miller. 2011. Notes on the breeding of high-Andean birds in northern Ecuador. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 131:24-31.  pdf

Rohwer, V.G. and J.S.Y. Law. 2010. Geographic variation in nests of Yellow Warblers breeding in Churchill, Manitoba, and Elgin, Ontario. Condor 112:596-604.  pdf  [James Law's honours thesis project in our lab]

Martin, P.R., R. Montgomerie and S.C. Lougheed. 2010. Rapid sympatry explains greater color pattern divergence in high latitude birds. Evolution 64:336-347.  pdf  dataset

Martin, P.R., F. Bonier, I.T. Moore and J.J. Tewksbury. 2009. Latitudinal variation in the asynchrony of seasons: implications for higher rates of population differentiation and speciation in the tropics. Ideas in Ecology and Evolution 2:9-17.  link

Bonier, F., P.R. Martin, I.T. Moore and J.C. Wingfield. 2009. Do baseline glucocorticoid levels predict fitness? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 24:634-642.  pdf   [see also subsequent letter and response: 25:261-263  pdf]

Munro, H.J., P.R. Martin, I.T. Moore and F. Bonier. 2009. Blood parasites in adult and nestling birds in the Ecuadorian Andes. Ornitología Neotropical 20:461-465.  pdf

Bonier, F., I.T. Moore, P.R. Martin and R.J. Robertson. 2009. Variation in the relationship between fitness and baseline corticosteroid levels in a passerine bird. General and Comparative Endocrinology163:208-213.  pdf

King, L.E.,  V.J. Emery, R.J. Robertson, R. Vallender and P.R. Martin. 2009. Population densities of Golden-winged Warbler, Blue-winged Warbler, and their hybrids, in eastern Ontario. Ontario Birds 27:2-22.  pdf

Martin, P.R., F. Bonier and I.T. Moore. 2009. First observation of sap well use and maintenance by the Glossy Flowerpiercer (Diglossa lafresnayii) (Thraupidae). Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121:213-215.  pdf  video

Martin, P.R. and J.J. Tewksbury. 2008. Latitudinal variation in subspecific diversification of birds. Evolution  62:2775-2788.  pdf

Greeney, H.F., P.R. Martin, R.C. Dobbs, R.A. Gelis, A. Bücker and H. Montag. 2008. Nesting ecology of the Spectacled Whitestart (Myioborus melanocephalus) in Ecuador. Ornitología Neotropical 19:335-344.  pdf

Deutsch, C.A., J. J. Tewksbury, R.B. Huey, K.S. Sheldon, C.K. Ghalambor, D.C. Haak and P.R. Martin. 2008. Thermal tolerance, climate warming, and terrestrial ectotherms in the tropics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 105:6668-6672.  link  Featured by BBC News.

Greeney, H.F., R.C. Dobbs, P.R. Martin and R.A. Gelis. 2008. The breeding biology of Grallaria and Grallaricula antpittas. Journal of Field Ornithology 79:113-129.  pdf

Bonier, F., P.R. Martin, and I.T. Moore. 2008. First description of the nest and young of the Agile Tit-Tyrant (Uromyias agilis). Ornitología Neotropical 19:117-122.  pdf

Bonier, F., P.R. Martin, J.P. Jensen, L.K. Butler, M. Ramenofsky, and J.C. Wingfield. 2007. Premigratory life history stages of juvenile arctic birds: Costs, constraints, and trade-offs. Ecology 88:2729–2735.  pdf

Bonier, F., P.R. Martin, and J.C. Wingfield. 2007. Urban birds have broader environmental tolerance. Biology Letters 3:670-673.  pdf

Bonier, F., P.R. Martin, and J.C. Wingfield. 2007. Maternal corticosteroids influence primary offspring sex ratio in a free-ranging passerine bird. Behavioral Ecology 18:1045-1050.  pdf

Martin, P.R., F. Bonier, and J.J. Tewksbury. 2007. Revisiting Jablonski (1993): Cladogenesis and range expansion explain latitudinal variation in taxonomic richness. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20:930-936.  pdf

Bonier, F., P.R. Martin, K.S. Sheldon, J.P. Jensen, S.L. Foltz, and J.C. Wingfield. 2007. Sex-specific consequences of life in the city. Behavioral Ecology 18:121-129.  pdf

Rohwer, S. and P.R. Martin. 2007. Time since contact and gene flow may explain variation in hybrid frequencies among three Dendroica townsendi D. occidentalis (Parulidae) hybrid zones. Auk 124:1347-1358.  pdf

Ghalambor, C., R.B. Huey, P.R. Martin, J.J. Tewksbury, and G. Wang. 2006. Are mountain passes higher in the tropics? Janzen's hypothesis revisited. Integrative and Comparative Biology 46:5-17.  pdf

Greeney, H.F., L.H. Jamieson, R.C. Dobbs, P.R. Martin, and R.A. Gelis. 2006. Observations on the nest, eggs, and natural history of the Highland Motmot (Momotus aequatorialis) in eastern Ecuador. Ornitología Neotropical 17:151-154.  pdf

Martin, P.R. and H.F. Greeney. 2006. Description of the nest, eggs and nestling period of the Chestnut-crowned Antpitta, Grallaria ruficapilla, from the eastern Ecuadorian Andes. Cotinga 25:47-49.  pdf

Martin, P.R., F. Bonier, and D.D. Gibson. 2006. First nest of the Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris for Alaska, with notes on breeding biology. Western Birds 37:8-22.  pdf

Greeney, H.F., C. Dingle, R.C. Dobbs, and P.R. Martin. 2006. Natural history of the Streak-necked Flycatcher (Mionectes striaticollis) in northeastern Ecuador. Cotinga 25:59-64.  pdf

Greeney, H.F. and P.R. Martin. 2005. High in the Ecuadorian Andes: the nest and eggs of the Tawny Antpitta (Grallaria quitensis). Ornitología Neotropical 16:567-571.  pdf

Greeney, H.F., R.C. Dobbs, P.R. Martin, K. Haupkla, and R.A. Gelis. 2005. Nesting and foraging ecology of the Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher (Poecilotriccus ruficeps) in eastern Ecuador. Ornitología Neotropical 16:427-432.  pdf

Greeney, H.F., P.R. Martin, R.C. Dobbs, M. Lysinger, and R.A. Gelis. 2005. Notes on the breeding of Basileuterus warblers in Ecuador. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists' Club 125:129-135.  pdf

Martin, P.R. and J.K. McKay. 2004. Latitudinal variation in genetic divergence of populations and the potential for future speciation. Evolution 58:938-945.  pdf

Martin, P.R., R.C. Dobbs, H.F. Greeney, M. Doveston, and H. Creber. 2004. First record of Black-throated Blue Warbler Dendroica caerulescens for Ecuador. Cotinga 21:60-62.  pdf

Martin, P.R. and R.C. Dobbs. 2004. Description of the nest, egg, and nestling of the Watkins’s Antpitta (Grallaria  watkinsi). Cotinga 21:35-37.  pdf

Dobbs, R.C., H.F. Greeney, and P.R. Martin. 2003. The nest, nesting behavior, and foraging ecology of the Rusty-winged Barbtail (Premnornis guttuligera). Wilson Bulletin 115:367-373.  pdf

Dobbs, R.C., P.R. Martin, C. Batista, H. Montag, and H. Greeney. 2003. Notes on egg-laying, incubation, and nestling care in the Scaled Antpitta Grallaria guatimalensis. Cotinga 19:65-70.  pdf

Martin, P.R. and T.E. Martin. 2001. Ecological and fitness consequences of species coexistence: a removal experiment with wood warblers. Ecology 82:189-206.  pdf

Martin, P.R. and T.E. Martin. 2001. Behavioral interactions between coexisting species: song playback experiments with wood warblers. Ecology 82:207-218.  pdf

Dobbs, R.C., P.R. Martin, and M.J. Kuehn. 2001. On the nest, eggs, nestlings, and parental care in the Scaled Antpitta (Grallaria guatimalensis). Ornitología Neotropical 12:225-233.  pdf

Martin, T.E., P.R. Martin, C.R. Olson, B.J. Heidinger, and J.J. Fontaine. 2000. Parental care and clutch sizes in North and South American birds. Science 287:1482-1485.  pdf

Dobbs, R.C. and P.R. Martin. 2000. Winter nocturnal roost sites and behavior of some desert passerines in western Texas. Western Birds 31:120-122.  pdf

Briskie, J.V., P.R. Martin, and T.E. Martin. 1999. Nest predation and the evolution of nestling begging calls. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 266:2153-2160.  link

Dobbs, R.C., P.R. Martin, and T.E. Martin. 1998. Green-tailed Towhee (Pipilo chlorurus). In The Birds of North America, No. 368 (A. Poole and F. Gills, eds.). The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.  link

Dobbs, R.C. and P.R. Martin. 1998. Migrant bird participation at an army ant swarm in montane Jalisco, México. Wilson Bulletin 110:277-279.  pdf

Fotheringham, J.R., P.R. Martin, and L. Ratcliffe. 1997. Song transmission and auditory perception of distance in four species of wood warblers (Parulinae). Animal Behaviour 53:1271-1285.  pdf

Martin, P.R., J.R. Fotheringham, L. Ratcliffe, and R.J. Robertson. 1996. Response of American Redstarts (suborder Passeri) and Least Flycatchers (suborder Tyranni) to heterospecific playback: the role of song in aggressive interactions and interference competition. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 39:227-235.  pdf

Stutchbury, B.J., P.R. Martin, and E.S. Morton. 1996. Nesting behavior of the Slate-colored Seedeater (Sporophila schistacea) in Panamá. Ornitología Neotropical 7:63-65.  pdf

Martin, P.R. 1996. Review of Species Diversity in Space and Time, by Michael L. Rosenzweig. Auk 113:729-730.

Martin, P.R., J.R. Fotheringham, and R.J. Robertson. 1995. A Prairie Warbler with a conspecific and heterospecific song repertoire. Auk 112:770-774.  pdf

Martin, P.R. and B.M. Di Labio. 1994. Natural hybrids between the Common Goldeneye, Bucephala clangula, and the Barrow’s Goldeneye, B. islandica. Canadian Field-Naturalist 108:195-198.  pdf

Martin, P.R. and B.M. Di Labio. 1994. Identification of Common x Barrow’s goldeneye hybrids in the field. Birding 26:104-105.

Villard, M.-A., P.R. Martin, and C.G. Drummond. 1993. Habitat fragmentation and pairing success in the Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus). Auk 110:759-768.  pdf

Martin, P.R. 1991. Review of Birds to Watch: The ICBP World Check-list of Threatened Birds, by N.J. Collar and P. Andrew. Canadian Field-Naturalist 105:301-302.

Martin, P.R. and B.M. Di Labio. 1991. An apparent Common x Barrow’s goldeneye hybrid from the St. Lawrence River. Ontario Birds 9:67-70.  pdf

Di Labio, B.M. and P.R. Martin. 1989. Common Raven nesting in eastern Ontario. Ontario Birds 7:62-64.  pdf


Conservation and Management of Bird Populations

Martin, P.R. and L. Cochran. 2001. Habitat use, breeding biology, and local adaptation in two populations of Dusky Flycatcher (Empidonax oberholseri) from Mendocino National Forest and Sierra National Forest, California. Report on 2000 research. Montana Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA. 20pp.


Martin, P.R. and E.M. Kofoed. 2000. Habitat use, breeding biology, and local adaptation in two populations of Fox Sparrow (Passerella iliaca) from Mendocino National Forest, California and Flathead National Forest, Montana. Report of 1999 research. Montana Cooperative Wildlife Research Unit, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA. 21pp.


Martin, P.R. and R.J. Robertson. 1994. Effects of forest management practices and forest-cutting history on the songbird communities of mature hardwood forest stands, Lake Opinicon, Leeds/Frontenac Cos., Ontario. Report on 1993 research. Eastern Ontario Model Forest Program. 190pp.  pdf


Public Outreach Material


Martin, P.R. and J.E. Martin. 2001. The birds of Sangat Island Reserve, north Palawan, Philippines. A visitor’s guide. Sangat Island Reserve. 31pp.


Conservation Databases


Greeney, H.F., R.C. Dobbs, and P.R. Martin. 2006. Natural history of Ecuador’s mainland avifauna.


Natural History


Martin, P.R. 2013. The Black-sided Pygmny Grasshopper, Tettigidea lateralis, on Queen's University Biological Station properties. Opinicon Natural History Blog, 2 July 2013.  link 

Conboy, M. A., and P. R. Martin. 2009. Birds of the Queen's University Biological Station.  pdf

Paul Martin and Lab
Department of Biology

Queen's University
Kingston, ON  K7L 3N6

photos on the website by Paul (except for the photos of people, or those otherwise credited)

Street/Room address:

Biosciences Complex, 

Room 4320,  

116 Barrie Street, 

Kingston, ON  

K7L 3N6  Canada

lab phone: 613.533.6000

ext. 77334

Alternate email for Paul:
phone: +001 613.533.6598

(Paul Office)

fax: +001 613.533.6617